Substituent and charge distribution effects on the redox potentials of radicals. Thermodynamics for homolytic versus heterolytic cleavage in the 1-naphthylmethyl system

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1139/v92-021
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TypeArticle
Journal titleCanadian Journal of Chemistry
Volume70
Issue1
Pages121127; # of pages: 7
Subjectelectrochemistry, homolysis, heterolysis, naphthylmethyl, substituent effect
AbstractThe electrochemical oxidation and reduction potentials of a number of substituted 1-methylnaphthalenes (1a-l) and 1-naphthylmethyl radicals (2a-l•) as well as 2-methylnaphthalene (3) and the 2-naphthylmethyl radical (4•) have been measured by cyclic voltammetry and photomodulation voltammetry. The oxidation potentials correlate with σ+ (ρ+ = −7.1 and −8.4 for 1 and 2• respectively) while the reduction potentials correlate with σ− (ρ− = 10.1 and 13.0 for 1 and 2• respectively). The relative magnitude of the ρ values can be rationalized when the charge density distribution in these systems is considered. This leads to the interesting conclusion that even though a full charge is placed in the π-system of 1 when it is oxidized or reduced, the fraction of the charge that accumulates at C4 is actually less than in 2+ or 2− where only 50–70% of the charge is delocalized into the ring. A correlation between ρ for the redox reactions of 1, 2•, benzyl, diphenylmethyl, and cumyl and the calculated (AM1) charge density at C4 is established, implying that the sensitivity of the corresponding ions to substituent effects increases as the fraction of charge at that site increases. The redox data have been used in thermochemical cycles in order to estimate the substituent effect on the homolytic, mesolytic, and heterolytic cleavage reactions of 1 and its corresponding radical ions. The implication of these results on the C—C cleavage versus deprotonation of radical cations and on the photochemical homolysis versus heterolysis of naphthylmethyl halides and acetates is discussed.
Publication date
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationNational Research Council Canada; NRC Steacie Institute for Molecular Sciences
Peer reviewedNo
NPARC number12328571
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Record identifier01d7931f-299c-4123-8917-9d0dd15378a1
Record created2009-09-10
Record modified2016-05-09
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