Nb-doped TiO2/carbon composite supports synthesized by ultrasonic spray pyrolysis for proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cell catalysts

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2012.07.080
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TypeArticle
Journal titleJournal of Power Sources
ISSN0378-7753
Volume220
Pages19
SubjectUltrasonic spray pyrolysis; Microwave-assisted polyol reduction; Nb-doped TiO2; PtPd alloy catalysts; Oxygen reduction reaction; PEM fuel cells
AbstractIn this paper we report the use of both ultrasonic spray pyrolysis and microwave-assisted polyol reduction methods to synthesize Nb-doped TiO2/carbon (25 wt% Nb0.07Ti0.93O2/75 wt% carbon) composite supports and Pt0.62Pd0.38 alloy catalysts, respectively. The physicochemical properties of the synthesized supports and their Pt0.62Pd0.38 supported catalysts are evaluated using several methods including XRD, TEM, BET surface area analysis, TGA, as well as ICP-MS elemental analysis. The electronic conductivities and thermal/chemical stabilities of the supports are also evaluated with respect to their possible use as catalyst supports. Electrochemical measurements for oxygen reduction activity of the Pt0.62Pd0.38 alloy catalysts supported on oxide/carbon composites are also carried out in order to check their suitability for possible PEM fuel cell applications. The results show that 20wt%Pt0.62Pd0.38/25 wt%(Nb0.07Ti0.93O2)-75 wt%C catalysts exhibit enhanced mass activities compared to those of commercially available 48wt% Pt/C and home-made 20wt% Pt62Pd38/C catalysts.
Publication date
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationEnergy, Mining and Environment; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedYes
IdentifierS0378775312012153
NPARC number21268803
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Record identifier03bb9092-a38b-41af-b82a-92a101ca5265
Record created2013-11-13
Record modified2016-05-09
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