On borehole indentor (BHI) measurements and analysis

  1. Get@NRC: On borehole indentor (BHI) measurements and analysis (Opens in a new window)
DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.coldregions.2012.01.009
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Journal titleCold Regions Science and Technology
SubjectIce strength; In-situ; Borehole indentor; Failure classification; Acoustic-emissions; Microstructural analysis
AbstractIn situ measurements on stress–indentation curves conducted with the National Research Council (NRC), Canada and the Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute (ARRI), Russia borehole indentors (BHI) are analyzed and classified. This establishes harmony with laboratory observations on stress–strain diagrams and some compatibility with the recommendations (ISO/DIS 19906) on estimating uniaxial ice strengths from BHI strengths. The analysis is devoted mainly to consider the influence of local ice conditions and the indentation rates on the pressure–indentation curves. Simultaneous records of the acoustic emission (AE) detected by accelerometers installed on the ice surface, within 1.5 m of the indentation plate, indicated that major cracks are nucleated at the ice/plate interface. Microstructural analysis of the indented ice confirmed this important conclusion in addition to revealing recrystallization as well as healing activities in the indented ice. An attempt, with extremely limited success, has been made in applying conventional ice failure criteria for predicting the observed stress–indentation curves. Phenomenologically, however, a power-law between the indentation-rate and upper-yield strength exhibits the same rate sensitivity (about 3) usually obtained for strain-rate dependence of uniaxial strengths. Numerical solutions of the rate-sensitive indentation processes must be developed (as has successfully been achieved for uniaxial tests) on microstructure-property based mathematical (rheological) model that includes the effects of the rate-dependent kinetics of deformation, microcracking and crack-enhanced creep. Premature brittle fractures are contact problems and modeling must consider the nucleation of cracks in ice at the ice/plate contact surface.
Publication date
AffiliationAerospace; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedYes
NPARC number21268704
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Record identifier03cf1b46-14b8-47de-a649-fc4ea23d54bd
Record created2013-11-07
Record modified2016-05-09
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