Suppression of erosion due to dry-band arcing under DC by alumina tri-hydrate filler in silicone rubber

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Proceedings title2013 Annual Report Conference on Electrical Insulation and Dielectric Phenomena
Conference2013 IEEE Conference on Electrical Insulation and Dielectric Phenomena (CEIDP 2013), October 20-23, 2013-10-23, Chenzhen, China
AbstractThe paper describes a study into understanding the mechanism by which alumina tri-hydrate suppresses dry-band arcing erosion of silicone rubber under DC. Commercial silicone elastomers filled with alumina tri-hydrate to 25 and 58 wt% are exposed to the inclined plane tracking/erosion tests while simultaneously monitoring surface temperature. During the early stages of testing, a surface residue is formed, which promotes stable dry-band arcing. An earlier inception of the stable discharge, thus initiation of deep erosion at a temperature approaching 400 °C, is obtained with 25 wt% alumina tri-hydrate. A lower temperature rise is obtained for the 58 wt% filled specimens as compared to the 25 wt% filled specimens. Differential scanning calorimetry shows a larger enthalpy of dehydration for 58 wt% alumina tri-hydrate filled samples. To verify the role of dehydration on reducing the surface temperature and erosion, the erosion of liquid silicone rubber specimens is compared for samples filled with alumina tri-hydrate and silica, both at 30 wt%. As a measurement parameter, the time-to-erosion is compared between the specimens showing a reduced time for the silica filled specimens as compared to the alumina tri-hydrate filled specimens, thereby verifying the influence of the water of hydration to suppress surface temperature and erosion. The paper provides an experimental approach by which the suppression of erosion by alumina tri-hydrate can be investigated, employing simultaneous leakage current and temperature measurements.
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AffiliationNational Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedYes
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"Non-NRC publications" are publications authored by NRC employees prior to their employment by NRC.

NPARC number23001650
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Record identifier054abf0d-5fad-4dbc-9652-754e5e79f0e3
Record created2017-03-14
Record modified2017-03-14
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