Triaxial experiments on iceberg and glacier ice

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Journal titleJournal of Glaciology
Pages528540; # of pages: 13
AbstractTriaxial experiments, at confining pressures in the range 0-13.79 Mpa, have been performed on glacial ice collected from four icebergs and one glacier. Tests were conducted at strain rates in the range of 5 x 10(-5) to 5 x 10(-2) s(-1) and at four temperatures in the range of -1 degree to -16 degrees C. Depending on test conditions, the ice failed by one of four possible modes: ductile deformation, due to extensive non-interacting microcracks; fracture along a shear plane followed by continuous or stick-slip sliding; large-scale brittle fracture; and combined ductile and shear-plane fracture and slip. The strength increased with decreasing temperature, increasing strain rate up to 5 x 10(-2) s(-1) was lower than 5 x 10 (-3) s(-1) probably because extension and interaction of microcracks is enhanced at the higher rate. For higher confining pressures at -1 degree C, the strength decreased due to freezing point depression. The ice from the different sources exhibited different mean uniaxial compressive strenghts. The mean number of air bubbles per unit volume correlated with the mean uniaxial compressive strengths and this may be the dominant factor distinguishing the strengths of the various ice types.
Publication date
AffiliationNRC Institute for Ocean Technology; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedYes
NRC number5761
NPARC number8895877
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Record identifier07e1fae5-7c7c-412f-974c-af56a61e5ed2
Record created2009-04-22
Record modified2016-05-09
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