Locating the frozen-unfrozen interface in soils using time- domain reflectometry

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TypeArticle
Journal titleCanadian Geotechnical Journal
ISSN0008-3674
Volume19
Pages511517; # of pages: 7
SubjectPermafrost; Soils; soil mechanics; freezing; electromagnetic properties; frozen soils; soil freezing; temperature measurements; dielectric constant; time- domain reflectometry (tdr)
AbstractThe time-domain reflectometry technique was compared with the temperature measurement method for locating the frozen- unfrozen interface in water and sandy soils. This technique depends on the high-frequency (1-1000 MHz) electrical properties of water that change significantly and abruptly between the liquid and solid phases. Parallel wire transmission lines were inserted into the soil to guide electromagnetic pulses produced by a time-domain reflectometer (TDR). The frozen-unfrozen interface produced reflections measured by the TDR which were in turn used to locate the interface as it moved along the transmission line. In the laboratory it was possible to locate the interface using the TDR to within + or - 0.5 cm and in the field to within + or - 2.4 cm. These errors were equal to those associated with the temperature measurements.
Publication date
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationNRC Institute for Research in Construction; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedYes
IdentifierDBR-P-1048
NRC number20584
129
NPARC number20378723
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Record identifier085a9ec9-d94f-405d-a13d-8e7c0f0ccfd5
Record created2012-07-24
Record modified2016-05-09
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