Isolated ice floe impacts

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Journal titleCold Regions Science and Technology
Pages3548; # of pages: 14
SubjectDynamically positioned; Energy; First-year; Floe; Force; Good correlations; Ice floes; Ice management; Ice mass; Ice strength; Impact; Impact force; Laboratory test; Orders of magnitude; River ice; Simple approach; Square roots; Test structure; Bridge piers; Drilling platforms; Drillships; Dynamic positioning; Failure analysis; Offshore drilling; Offshore oil wells; Offshore structures; Petroleum industry; Sea ice; ice-structure interaction; iceberg; impact; jack up platform; kinetic energy; pier; river ice; sea ice
AbstractThis paper summarizes all available data related to ice floe impacts on structures. These data include laboratory tests, forces on several bridge piers (Hondo, Pembina, Rideau), forces from small icebergs impacting dedicated test structures (Grappling Island, Newmans Cove), first-year and multi-year ice impacts on the offshore structure Molikpaq, and the Hans Island experiments. The data represent ice masses covering ten orders of magnitude and impact forces covering seven orders of magnitude. The impacts were analyzed using various simple approaches and it was found that the impact force was best related to the kinetic energy of the floe at impact. This energy ranged over thirteen orders of magnitude in value. There was a good correlation of the impact force (F) with the energy (E) at impact with a function form F=A E0.532 where F is in MN and E is in GJ. The coefficient A was determined to be 61.7 for the "likely" impact force and 388 for the upper-limit impact force. The reason for this wide range is discussed and related to the wide range of ice strength and failure modes of the ice. The equation is applied to provide guidance on the forces for four different scenarios: (1) river ice impacts on bridge piers, (2) multi-year ice floe impacts on offshore drilling platforms, (3) isolated impact on the leg of a jack-up structure, and (4) impact forces on a Dynamically Positioned drillship with optimization of ice management. The analysis shows that as a rule-of-thumb, the likely impact force in kN is approximately the product of the square root of the mass (in kg) multiplied by the ice floe speed at impact (in m/s). © 2011.
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AffiliationNational Research Council Canada (NRC-CNRC); NRC Canadian Hydraulics Centre (CHC-CHC)
Peer reviewedYes
NPARC number21271469
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Record identifier0920878e-8e4a-486f-9ef0-4997f67ce6a4
Record created2014-03-24
Record modified2016-05-09
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