TEM analysis of the microstructure in TiF3-catalyzed and pure MgH2 during the hydrogen storage cycling

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.actamat.2012.07.036
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TypeArticle
Journal titleActa Materialia
ISSN1359-6454
Volume60
Issue19
Pages64416456; # of pages: 16
SubjectHydrogen storage; Magnesium hydride; Transmission electron microscopy
AbstractWe utilized transmission electron microscopy (TEM) analysis, with a cryogenically cooled sample stage, to detail the microstructure of partially transformed pure and titanium fluoride-catalyzed magnesium hydride powder during hydrogenation cycling. The TiF3-catalyzed MgH2 powder demonstrated excellent hydrogen storage kinetics at various temperatures, whereas the uncatalyzed MgH2 showed significant degradation in both kinetics and capacity. TEM analysis on the partially hydrogen absorbed and partially desorbed pure Mg(MgH2) revealed a large fraction of particles that were either not transformed at all or were completely transformed. On the other hand, in the MgH2+TiF3 system it was much easier to identify regions with both the hydride and the metal phase coexisting in the same particle. This enabled us to establish the metal hydride orientation relationship (OR) during hydrogen absorption. The OR was determined to be (1 1 0)MgH2 || (−1 1 0 −1)Mg and [−1 1 1]MgH2 || [0 1 −1 1]Mg. During absorption the number density of the hydride nuclei does not show a dramatic increase due the presence of TiF3. Conversely, during desorption the TiF3 catalyst substantially increases the number of the newly formed Mg crystallites, which display a strong texture correlation with respect to the parent MgH2 phase. Titanium fluoride also promotes extensive twinning in the hydride phase.
Publication date
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationSecurity and Disruptive Technologies; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedYes
IdentifierS1359645412004843
NPARC number21268619
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Record identifier09a86622-bcf4-4391-9379-e5ad5d368f82
Record created2013-10-28
Record modified2016-05-09
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