Application of microfluidic devices to proteomics research: identification of trace-level protein digests and affinity capture of target peptides

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1074/mcp.M100022-MCP200
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TypeArticle
Journal titleMolecular & Cellular Proteomics
ISSN1535-9476
1535-9484
Volume1
Pages157168; # of pages: 12
AbstractThis report describes an integrated and modular microsystem providing rapid analyses of trace-level tryptic digests for proteomics applications. This microsystem includes an autosampler, a microfabricated device comprising a large channel (2.4 μl total volume), an array of separation channels, together with a low dead volume enabling the interface to nanoelectrospray mass spectrometry. The large channel of this microfluidic device provides a convenient platform to integrate C18 reverse phase packing or other type of affinity media such as immobilized antibodies or immobilized metal affinity chromatography beads thus enabling affinity selection of target peptides prior to electrophoretic separation and mass spectrometry analyses on a quadrupole/time-of-flight instrument. Sequential injection, preconcentration, and separation of peptide standards and tryptic digests are achieved with a throughput of up to 12 samples/per h and a concentration detection limit of ∼5 nm (25 fmol on chip). Replicate injections of peptide mixtures indicated that reproducibility of migration time was 1.2–1.8%, whereas relative standard deviation ranging from 9.2 to 11.8% are observed on peak heights. The application of this device for trace-level protein identification is demonstrated for two-dimensional gel spots obtained from extracts of human prostatic cancer cells (LNCap) using both peptide mass-fingerprint data base searching and on-line tandem mass spectrometry. Enrichment of target peptides prior to mass spectral analyses is achieved using c-myc-specific antibodies immobilized on protein G-Sepharose beads and facilitates the identification of antigenic peptides spiked at a level of 20 ng/ml in human plasma. Affinity selection is also demonstrated for gel-isolated protein bands where tryptic phosphopeptides are captured on immobilized metal affinity chromatography beads and subsequently separated and characterized on this microfluidic system.
Publication date
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationNRC Institute for Biological Sciences; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedNo
NRC numberLI2002
NPARC number9358048
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Record identifier0d0a94ec-4164-424f-ae03-df91845a0edd
Record created2009-07-10
Record modified2016-05-09
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