The effect of utility time-varying pricing and load control strategies on residential summer peak electricity use: a review

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2010.01.027
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TypeArticle
Journal titleEnergy Policy
Volume38
Issue7
Pages32893296; # of pages: 8
SubjectEnergy efficiency
AbstractPeak demand for electricity in North America is expected to grow, challenging electrical utilities to supply this demand in a cost-effective, reliable manner. Therefore, there is growing interest in strategies to reduce peak demand by eliminating electricity use, or shifting it to non-peak times. This strategy is commonly called ?demand response?. In households, common strategies are time-varying pricing, which charge more for energy use on peak, or direct load control, which allows utilities to curtail certain loads during high demand periods. We reviewed recent North American studies of these strategies. The data suggest that the most effective strategy is a critical peak price (CPP) program with enabling technology to automatically curtail loads on event days. There is little evidence that this causes substantial hardship for occupants, particularly if they have input into which loads are controlled and how, and have an override option. In such cases, a peak load reduction of at least 30% is a reasonable expectation. It might be possible to attain such load reductions without enabling technology by focusing on household types more likely to respond, and providing them with excellent support. A simple time-of-use (TOU) program can only expect to realize on-peak reductions of 5%.
Publication date
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationNRC Institute for Research in Construction; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedYes
NRC number52707
20971
NPARC number20374465
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Record identifier128b0540-a065-40d6-a0d4-d029f8e790d8
Record created2012-07-23
Record modified2016-05-09
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