Thermal manikin calibration method

  1. (PDF, 981 KB)
DOIResolve DOI:
AuthorSearch for: ; Search for: ; Search for: ; Search for: ; Search for:
TypeTechnical Report
Series titleTechnical Report; no. TR-2010-11
Physical description19p.
SubjectManikin; calibration; calorimeter; Standard; Stirring system; NEMO
AbstractIn 2007 the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) established ISO/TC 188/WG 14 Thermal Manikin Working Group to study the suitability of using thermal manikins for approval testing and to propose updated wording to include manikins in ISO 15027-3 Immersion Suit Test Method. To systematically conduct research to investigate human and manikin equivalence, it is necessary to first establish a common, traceable calibration for thermal manikins, so there is confidence that thermal manikins accurately report temperatures, heat loss and power, and that differences in results among thermal manikins and manikin-human correlation are understood, quantified and accounted. The goal of this project is to develop a thermal manikin calibration method. It addresses the accuracy and repeatability of thermal manikins to accurately report heat loss, power and temperature. Without such a traceable standard, manufacturers and researchers will dispute differences in results from various thermal manikins. For this purpose, National Research Council Canada, Institute for Ocean Technology (NRC-IOT) constructed a calorimeter laboratory to house a full body water calorimeter transferred from Defence R&D Canada (DRDC). The design specifications of the calorimeter laboratory and water calorimeter are presented in this report. A submersible thermal manikin calibration method is proposed. The results show that the laboratory and the calorimeter meet all design specifications, specifically 1. The calorimeter stirring system was able to establish an isothermal condition within 10 minutes. 2. The stirring system does not generate more than 100 W of power over a 2-hour period. 3. Dye tests provided a visual means to assess and confirmed the stirring system performance. 4. Under regular control mode, the environmental chamber was able to maintain a user specified setpoint temperature to within ±0.1°C. 5. Under tracking control mode, the environmental chamber was able to maintain the air temperature at a fixed offset with respect to the water temperature in the calorimeter, which is specified by the user. 6. Using a 500W known heat source, it was demonstrated that the calorimeter could measure power accurate to within 1%. Using the calorimeter, the NEMO thermal manikin calibration was validated. The results show that the power reported by NEMO thermal manikin agrees with the calorimeter measured power to within 1% in both constant temperature and constant heat flux modes.
Publication date
PublisherNational Research Council Canada
AffiliationNational Research Council Canada; NRC Institute for Ocean Technology
Peer reviewedNo
NPARC number17210697
Export citationExport as RIS
Report a correctionReport a correction
Record identifier12950787-9d59-4ecb-ab45-1a79d1842eb5
Record created2011-03-22
Record modified2016-09-29
Bookmark and share
  • Share this page with Facebook (Opens in a new window)
  • Share this page with Twitter (Opens in a new window)
  • Share this page with Google+ (Opens in a new window)
  • Share this page with Delicious (Opens in a new window)