Photoluminescent colloidal CdS nanocrystals with high quality via noninjection one-pot synthesis in 1-Octadecene

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1021/jp900252e
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TypeArticle
Journal titleThe journal of physical chemistry. C, Nanomaterials and interfaces
Volume113
Issue18
Pages75797593; # of pages: 15
SubjectQuantum Dots; noninjection; one-pot approach
AbstractHigh-quality colloidal photoluminescent CdS quantum dots (QDs) were synthesized via a noninjection onepot approach in noncoordinating solvent 1-octadecene. This synthetic approach uses cadmium acetate dihydrate and elemental sulfur as Cd and S sources, respectively, together with one long-chain fatty acid (CH3-(CH2)n-COOH) as surface ligands and 2,2′-dithiobisbenzothiazole (MBTS) to increase sulfur activity. The CdS QDs were synthesized at elevated temperatures such as 240-300 °C, and the kinetics of nucleation/ growth was monitored via the temporal evolution of the optical properties of the growing CdS QDs. Various synthetic parameters were investigated, such as the feed molar ratios of (0.5-8)Cd/1S and (2-64)S/1MBTS, reactant concentrations of 5-80 mmol/Kg, and growth temperature of 220-350 °C. The feed molar ratios of (1-2)Cd/1S and (8-32)S/1MBTS are suggested to be the optimal synthetic window, together with the S feed concentration of 10-20 mmol/Kg and the growth temperature of 240-260 °C. Moreover, ligand effects such as ligand length and concentration were thoroughly investigated. With an increase of the chain length of the fatty acid, the size of the resulting CdS QDs was systematically reduced. The acids of moderate carbonchain length (n ) 10-16) bestowed CdS QDs in high quality regarding narrow size distribution (∼17-22 nm in full width at half-maximum), high nanocrystal yield, and high quantum yield (up to 30%). Meanwhile, the acids with longer carbon chain led to small-sized nanocrystals in low concentration, due to large steric hindrance retarding severely the nucleation and growth, as indicated by the late appearance of nanocrystal absorption and slow increase in size. The acids with shorter carbon chain resulted in large-sized nanocrystals in low concentration, due to small steric hindrance causing ready nucleation and growth, as indicated by the large and fast increase in size. Therefore, the steric hindrance of varied-length fatty acids affects the reactivity of Cd2+ with great impacts on the nanocrystal nucleation/growth and thus the nanocrystal size and surface passivation. Furthermore, with an increase in the acid concentration, the size and size distribution of the resulting CdS QDs increased, together with a decrease in nanocrystal yield, due to an enhanced solubility of the CdS nanocrystals and thus a hindered nucleation with a low nuclei concentration.
Publication date
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationNRC Steacie Institute for Molecular Sciences; National Research Council Canada; NRC Institute for Chemical Process and Environmental Technology; NRC Institute for Microstructural Sciences
Peer reviewedYes
NPARC number12441110
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Record identifier1505a4e6-bf5b-4705-b745-ec4becc4709f
Record created2009-09-25
Record modified2017-03-23
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