Near-infrared detection and characterization of the exoplanet HD 95086 b with the Gemini Planet Imager

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/201423839
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TypeArticle
Journal titleAstronomy and Astrophysics
ISSN0004-6361
Volume565
Article numberL4
SubjectColor; Photometry; Planets; Stars; Color magnitude diagrams; Evolutionary models; Initial conditions; Instrumentation: adaptive optics; Planets and satellites: atmospheres; Planets and satellites: detections; Spectral energy distribution; Stars: individual; Satellites
AbstractHD 95086 is an intermediate-mass debris-disk-bearing star. VLT/NaCo 3.8 μm observations revealed it hosts a 5 ± 2 MJup companion (HD 95086 b) at ≠56 AU. Follow-up observations at 1.66 and 2.18 μm yielded a null detection, suggesting extremely red colors for the planet and the need for deeper direct-imaging data. In this Letter, we report H-(1.7 μm) and K1-(2.05 μm) band detections of HD 95086 b from Gemini Planet Imager (GPI) commissioning observations taken by the GPI team. The planet position in both spectral channels is consistent with the NaCo measurements and we confirm it to be comoving. Our photometry yields colors of H-L′ = 3.6 ± 1.0 mag and K1-L′ = 2.4 ± 0.7 mag, consistent with previously reported 5-σ upper limits in H and Ks. The photometry of HD 95086 b best matches that of 2M 1207 b and HR 8799 cde. Comparing its spectral energy distribution with the BT-SETTL and LESIA planet atmospheric models yields Teff ~ 600-1500 K and log g ~ 2.1-4.5. Hot-start evolutionary models yield M = 5 ± 2 MJup. Warm-start models reproduce the combined absolute fluxes of the object for M = 4-14 M Jup for a wide range of plausible initial conditions (S init = 8-13 kB/baryon). The color-magnitude diagram location of HD 95086 b and its estimated Teff and log g suggest that the planet is a peculiar L-T transition object with an enhanced amount of photospheric dust.
Publication date
PublisherEDP Sciences
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationNational Research Council Canada; National Science Infrastructure
Peer reviewedYes
NPARC number21275447
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Record identifier156f3142-421c-47c6-9d64-f8a16af6fec1
Record created2015-07-14
Record modified2016-05-09
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