Hepatoprotective constituents of the seeds of Combretum quadrangulare

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1248/bpb.23.1328
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TypeArticle
Journal titleBiological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin
ISSN0918-6158
1347-5215
Volume23
Issue11
Pages13281332; # of pages: 5
SubjectCombretum quadrangulare; Vietnamese medicinal plant; hepatoprotective effect; triterpene glucoside; catechin; 1-O-galloyl-6-O-(4-hidroxy-3, 5-dimethoxy)benzoyl-β-D-glucose
AbstractHepatoprotective effect of MeOH, MeOH-H2O (1 : 1) and H2O extracts of Combretum quadrangulare seeds were examined on D-galactosamine (D-GalN)/tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α)-induced cell death in primary cultured mouse hepatocytes. The MeOH extract showed the strongest inhibitory effect on D-GalN/TNF-α-induced cell death (IC50, 56.4μg/ml). Moreover, the MeOH extract also significantly lowered the serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase (sGPT) level on D-GalN/lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced liver injury in mice. Bioguided separation of the MeOH extract led to the isolation of 38 compounds of various classes including triterpene glucosides, lignans and catechin derivatives. Among the isolated triterpene glucosides, lupane-type (1-3; IC50, 63.1, 59.8 and 76.2μM, respectively) and ursane-type (11, mixture of 12 and 14; IC50, 30.2 and 34.6μM, respectively) compounds exhibited strong hepatoprotective activity. 1-O-Galloyl-6-O-(4-hydroxy-3, 5-dimethoxy)benzoyl-β-D-glucose (26; IC50, 7.2μM), methyl gallate (28; IC50, 19.9μM), and (-)-epicatechin (31; IC50, 71.2μM) also had a potent hepatoprotective effect on D-GalN/TNF-α-induced cell death in primary cultured mouse hepatocytes.
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LanguageEnglish
Peer reviewedYes
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NPARC number21275300
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Record identifier15dd152f-1e28-4460-9c17-94ff39dcb5c6
Record created2015-06-04
Record modified2016-05-09
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