Highly active electrocatalysts for oxygen reduction from carbon-supported copper-phthalocyanine synthesized by high temperature treatment

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2012.07.046
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TypeArticle
Proceedings titleInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Conference4th National - 3rd Latin American Conference on Hydrogen and Sustainable Energy Sources (HYFUSEN), June 6-9, 2011, Mar Del Plata, Argentina
ISSN0360-3199
Volume37
Issue19
Pages1410314113; # of pages: 11
SubjectCopper phthalocyanine; Electrocatalysts; Oxygen reduction reaction; Heat treatment; Alkaline fuel cell
AbstractThe active, carbon-supported copper phthalocyanine (CuPc/C) nano-catalyst, as a novel cathode catalyst for oxygen reduction reaction, is synthesized via a combined solvent-impregnation along with the high temperature treatment. The catalytic activities of both pyrolyzed and unpyrolyzed catalysts are screened by linear sweep voltammetry (LSV) employing a rotating disk electrode (RDE) technique to quantitatively obtain the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) kinetic constants and the reaction mechanisms. The results show that heat-treatment can significantly improve the ORR activity of the catalyst, and the optimal heat-treated temperature is around 800 °C, under which, an onset potential of 0.10 V and a half-wave potential of −0.05 V are achieved in alkaline electrolyte. Besides the ORR kinetic rate is increased, the ORR electron transfer number is also increased from 2.5 to 3.6 with increasing heat-treatment temperature from 600 to 800 °C. Also, the effect of catalyst loading in the catalyst layer on the corresponding ORR activity is also studied, and finds that increasing the catalyst loading, the catalyzed ORR kinetic current density can be significantly increased. For a fully understanding of this heat-treatment temperature effect, XRD, TEM, SEM–EDX, TG and XPS are used to identify the catalyst structure and composition. TG results demonstrated that the presence of Cu prevents phthalocyanine from thermal decomposition, thus contribute to higher nitrogen content which can form more Cu–Nx activity sites for the ORR. XPS analysis indicates that both pyridinic-N and graphitic-N may be responsible for the enhanced ORR activity.
Publication date
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationEnergy, Mining and Environment; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedYes
IdentifierS0360319912016230
NPARC number21268772
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Record identifier160974e3-2acc-4a68-a80d-4d6f0ff4d7b1
Record created2013-11-12
Record modified2016-05-09
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