Adapting and assessing energy conversion technologies for integration in houses

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ConferenceProceedings of the Joint NSC-NRC Workshop on Construction Technologies: 26 April 2004, Taipei, Taiwan
Pages187194; # of pages: 8
Subjectenergy conservation technologies, space heating, water heating, electrical generation, combined heat and power generation; Housing technology
AbstractTwin research houses at the Canadian Centre for Housing Technology (CCHT) offer an intensively monitored real-world environment with simulated occupancy to assess the performance of small-scale energy conversion technologies. This paper presents one of several energy conversiontechnologies assessed at the twin house facility since 1998. Highlighted is the adaptation of a Stirling engine deployed in combined electrical and thermal integration of a house. Issues such as electrical grid connection, heat storage, control strategies and overall energy utilization are discussed. Small combined heat and power (CHP) plants that can generate electricity and heat at the single building are beginning to emerge as a viable alternative to large power generating stations in somecircumstances. The next generation of CHP to be investigated will be fuel cells. While still in the developmental stage, fuel cells are promising for small-scale CHP applications, and several Canadian companies are currently involved in the development of these systems. Once the technology is developed, the next challenge will be the integration into the building's electrical and heating (HVAC) systems. Issues such as CHP system sizing, need for storage, meeting peak loads, dissipation of excess heat, etc. will need to be addressed. Field testing first generation prototypes in a well controlled but realistic residential setting would significantly accelerate development of these systems.
Publication date
AffiliationNRC Institute for Research in Construction; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedYes
NRC number47058
NPARC number20377089
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Record identifier16946089-4bef-4f23-bda2-6252ce629ac3
Record created2012-07-24
Record modified2016-05-09
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