Pressure-volume-temperature relations of a poly-e-caprolactam and its nanocomposite

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Journal titleComposite Interfaces
Pages345353; # of pages: 9
SubjectPolyamide-6; nanocomposite; PVT behavior; binary interaction parameters
AbstractThe equation of state of a poly-ε-caprolactam melt, PA-6, of molar mass Mn = 22 kg/mol was investigated in a Gnomix apparatus (Gnomix Inc., Boulder, Colorado) between 300 and 560 K, and pressures up to 150 MPa. Corresponding measurements were performed with addition of 1.6 wt% of montmorillonite exfoliated particles. Reductions in specific volume of about 1.0 and 1.4%, respectively, at 10 and 150 MPa, are observed. For the melt, excellent agreement between experiment and the results from lattice-hole theory is found for both systems. Addition of the nanoparticles reduced the hole (free volume) fraction by 14%. Evidently, the hole fraction is a sensitive indicator of structural changes. It is noteworthy that such a small quantity of added nanoparticles increases the tensile strength by about 14% and modulus by 26%, at a cost of reduction in the elongation at break by about 25%. For a treatment of the PNC, and as an approximation, our earlier model of a particulate composite was adopted. To calculate the binary interaction parameters it was assumed that: (1) the clay particles are in form of flat disks, 100 nm diameter and 1 nm thick; (2) the hard core segments of polymer and of solid occupy the same lattice volume, i.e. v*₁₁ = v*₂₂; (3) the energetic interactions of polymer with solid are given by the geometric average between the two self-interactions. These assumptions lead to the following results ('11' represents polymer-polymer, '22' represents clay-clay and '12' represents polymer-clay interactions): ε*₁₁ = 32.09; ε*₁₂ = 313.54 and ε*₂₂ = 3063 (kJ/mol) v*₁₁ = 24.89; v*₁₂ = 33.53 and v*₂₂ = 24.89 (ml/mol).
Publication date
AffiliationNRC Industrial Materials Institute; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedNo
NRC number44333
NPARC number18387462
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Record identifier172023ef-6d30-47ac-9a18-e2c9c47ece5e
Record created2011-08-11
Record modified2016-05-09
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