Two radio supernova remnants discovered in the outer Galaxy

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Journal titleAstronomy and Astrophysics
Article numberA107
SubjectBasic parameters; Canadian galactic plane surveys; Flux densities; Future observations; Galactic plane; Interstellar mediums; ISM: general; ISM: supernova remnants; Line data; Line-of-sight; Low density; Milky ways; Multiwavelength data; Neutral hydrogen; Polarization parameters; Radio continuum; Spectral indices; Supernova remnants; Surface brightness; Galaxies; Hydrogen; Polarization; Surveys; Stars
AbstractContext. New and existing large-scale radio surveys of the Milky Way at centimetre wavelengths can play an important role in uncovering the hundreds of expected but missing supernova remnants in the Galaxy's interstellar medium. We report on the discovery of two supernova remnants (SNRs) designated G152.4-2.1 and G190.9-2.2, using Canadian Galactic Plane Survey data. Aims. The aims of this paper are, first, to present evidence that favours the classification of both sources as SNRs, and, second, to describe basic parameters (integrated flux density, spectrum, and polarization) as well as properties (morphology, line-of-sight velocity, distance and physical size) to facilitate and motivate future observations. Methods. Spectral and polarization parameters are derived from multiwavelength data from existing radio surveys carried out at wavelengths between 6 and 92 cm. In particular for the source G152.4-2.1 we also use new observations at 11 cm done with the Effelsberg 100 m telescope. The interstellar medium around the discovered sources is analyzed using 1-arcmin line data from neutral hydrogen (H i) and 45-arcsec 12CO(J = 1 → 0). Results. G152.4-2.1 is a barrel shaped SNR with two opposed radio-bright polarized flanks on the north and south. The remnant, which is elongated along the Galactic plane is evolving in a more-or-less uniform medium. G190.9-2.2 is also a shell-type remnant with east and west halves elongated perpendicular to the plane, and is evolving within a low-density region bounded by dense neutral hydrogen in the north and south, and molecular (12CO) clouds in the east and west. The integrated radio continuum spectral indices are-0.65 ± 0.05 and-0.66 ± 0.05 for G152.4-2.1 and G190.9-2.2 respectively. Both SNRs are approximately 1 kpc distant, with G152.4-2.1 being larger (32 × 30 pc in diameter) than G190.9-2.2 (18 × 16 pc). These two remnants are the lowest surface brightness SNRs yet catalogued at Σ1 GHz 2; 5 × 10-23 W m-2 Hz-1 sr-1. © 2013 ESO.
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AffiliationNational Research Council Canada (NRC-CNRC); National Science Infrastructure (NSI-ISN)
Peer reviewedYes
NPARC number21269631
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Record identifier17361a86-5b34-45ee-9245-08d3b60a98e7
Record created2013-12-13
Record modified2016-05-09
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