Experimental analysis of applicability of a picosecond laser for micro-polishing of micromilled Inconel 718 superalloy

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1007/s00170-013-5408-9
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Journal titleInternational Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology
Pages116; # of pages: 16
SubjectLaser micro-polishing; Inconel 718; Picosecond laser; Melting regime; Focal offset; Laser fluence; Surface quality
AbstractAn increasing number of recent technological advancement is linked to the widespread adoptions of ultra-short picosecond (ps) pulsed laser in various applications of material processing. The superior capability of this laser is associated with the precise control of laser-material interaction as an outcome of extremely short interaction times resulting in almost-negligible heat affected zones. In this context, the present study explores the applicability of a picosecond laser in laser micro-polishing (LμP) of Ni-based superalloy Inconel 718 (IN718). The specific research goals of the present study constitute determination of melting regime-a mandatory phase for LμP, establishing the concept of polishability of the spatial contents of the initial surface topography and experimental demonstration of the process capability of a ps laser for potential micro-polishing applications. The initial surface topography was prepared by micromilling operation with a step-over of 50 μm and scallop height of 2 μm. The LμP experiments were performed at five different levels of fluence associated with the melting regime by changing the focal offset, a parameter denoting the working distance between workpiece surface and focusing lens focal plane. The LμP performance was evaluated based on the line profiling average surface roughness (Ra) spectrum distributed at different spatial wavelength intervals along the laser path trajectory. Furthermore, additional statistical metrics such as material ratio and power spectral density functions were analyzed in order to establish the process parameters associated with best achievable surface finish. The applicability of ps LμP was demonstrated in two regimes-1D (line) and 2D (area) polishing. During 1D LμP, significant (∼52 %) improvement of the surface quality was achieved by reducing an Ra value from 0.50 μm before polishing to an Ra value of 0.24 μm across the laser path trajectory on initially ground surface. In addition, an initially micromilled area of 4.5 × 4.5 mm was LμPed resulting in the reduction of an areal topography surface roughness (Sa) value from 0.435 to 0.127 μm (70.8 % surface quality improvement). © 2013 Her Majesty the Queen in Right of Canada as represented by: Julian Czajkowski.
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AffiliationAutomotive and Surface Transportation; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedYes
NPARC number21270450
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Record identifier1787f07f-58d2-44ba-bcd4-f5e8065a2bc9
Record created2014-02-12
Record modified2016-05-09
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