Porosity and cutting forces: From macroscale to microscale machining correlations

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1177/2041297510394057
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Journal titleProceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part B: Journal of Engineering Manufacture
Pages619630; # of pages: 12
Subjectcutting force models; cutting forces; cutting theories; microscale machining; porous metals; micromachining
AbstractPorous metals, typically produced through powder metallurgy, represent a class of relatively new materials with wide industrial applications, lately extending into the microscale domain. Although produced in near-net shapes, most components fabricated from these materials still require some form of secondary machining. Despite the progress made in the field, relatively little is known either on the inherent cutting mechanism or on the behaviour of these materials under micromachining conditions. The present study reviews the main cutting theories proposed in macroscale machining, along with one of the primary parameters used to describe its machinability performances, namely cutting forces. Then, the feasibility of macroscale concepts is discussed in the context of micromachining technology that is characterized by comparable tool and pore sizes. The microslot cutting experiment performed in a porous titanium sample outlined the relative interplay between the magnitude of the cutting force and porosity of the material. Based on this, it was concluded that the impact of structural porosity on cutting forces experienced during micromachining is significant and therefore further in-depth investigations will be required.
Publication date
AffiliationNational Research Council Canada (NRC-CNRC); NRC Industrial Materials Institute (IMI-IMI)
Peer reviewedYes
NPARC number21271036
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Record identifier1acc98df-fb8e-4ddd-a6e7-744d1273c3fb
Record created2014-03-24
Record modified2016-05-09
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