Anaerobic digestates are useful nutrient sources for microalgae cultivation : functional coupling of energy and biomass production

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1007/s10811-012-9968-0
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TypeArticle
Journal titleJournal of Applied Phycology
ISSN0921-8971
1573-5176
Volume25
Issue5
Pages15231528; # of pages: 6
SubjectAnaerobic digestates; Biomass; Nutrient recycling; Photosynthesis
AbstractWe investigated the extent to which nitrogenous and phosphorus nutrients from liquid anaerobic digestates could be recycled for photosynthetic growth of a microalga, Scenedesmus sp. AMDD. Digestates recovered from the anaerobic digestion of cow manure and swine manure and a co-digestion of swine manure and algal biomass were diluted in distilled water and used for algal growth with and without supplemental CO2 addition. Nutrient assimilation and final biomass yield were retarded in all but the swine manure/algae co-digestate cultures supplemented with high CO2. Swine manure digestate cultures supplemented with the typical complement of micronutrients normally added with a commonly used growth medium or with Fe/EDTA failed to grow any better than unamended controls. When the culture medium was prepared by blending swine manure digestate with 25 or 50 % algal biomass digestate, diluting it with lake water or by supplementing with magnesium, nutrient assimilation and final algal biomass yields were maximized, indicating that magnesium was critically limiting for algal growth in swine manure digestates. Magnesium amendment thus appears to be essential if nutrients from swine manure digestates are recycled for algal growth. No such requirement is necessary for recycling nutrients from digestates generated wholly or in part from algal biomass.
Publication date
PublisherSpringer
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationNational Research Council Canada; Aquatic and Crop Resource Development
Peer reviewedYes
NRC number55463
NPARC number21268641
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Record identifier1ed7382f-ec6d-41ae-9cdf-aa34fd27a2c9
Record created2013-11-05
Record modified2016-05-09
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