Changes in trunk appearance after scoliosis spinal surgery and their relation to changes in spinal measurements

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.jspd.2015.05.001
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TypeArticle
Journal titleSpine Deformity
ISSN2212-134X
Volume3
Issue6
Pages595603
Subjectscoliosis; trunk surface measurement; surgical outcome
AbstractTo evaluate quantitatively the changes in trunk surface deformities after scoliosis spinal surgery in Lenke 1A adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) patients and to compare it with changes in spinal measurements. The mean correction rates for the back surface rotation and the trunk lateral shift are 18% and 50%, respectively. Only the surgical technique had a significant effect on the correction rate of the back surface rotation. Direct vertebral derotation and reduction by spine translation provide a better correction of the rib hump (22% and 31% respectively) than the classic rod rotation technique (8%). The reductions of the lumbar Cobb angle and the apical vertebrae transverse rotation explain, respectively, up to 17% and 16% the reduction of the back surface rotation. Current surgical techniques perform well in realigning the trunk; however, the correction of the deformity in the transverse plane proves to be more challenging. More analysis on the positive effect of vertebral derotation on the rib hump correction is needed.
Publication date
PublisherElsevier
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationNational Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedYes
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This is a non-NRC publication

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NPARC number23000992
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Record identifier1f58f7eb-e61a-4a07-9136-c84cd53c29c6
Record created2016-11-25
Record modified2016-11-25
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