Diagnosis of contamination introduced by ammonia at the cathode in a polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2012.05.125
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TypeArticle
Proceedings titleInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Conference12th CHEC, October 14-17, 2011, Wuhan, China
ISSN0360-3199
Volume37
Issue17
Pages1246412473; # of pages: 10
SubjectPEM fuel cell; Ammonia; Contamination; Diagnosis
AbstractContamination introduced by impurities from feed streams can impact polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell performance dramatically. The presence of unwanted trace species, such as CO, H2S, and NH3, can adversely affect the function of a fuel cell. It has been reported that the major impact of CO and H2S contamination on fuel cell performance is kinetic, while the effect of NH3 contamination is speculated to be mainly membrane conductivity reduction. In this paper, the effect of NH3 contamination from the cathode side was investigated. The mechanisms of NH3 contamination were diagnosed based on degradation tests using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy and cyclic voltammetry. The contamination factors investigated included ammonia concentration, operating current, temperature, and relative humidity. The results show that the severity of the adverse effect caused by ammonia contamination was enhanced by increased ammonia concentration, decreased operating temperature, and decreased relative humidity. The performance decay induced by ammonia is attributable to reduced membrane/ionomer conductivity and ammonia adsorption on the catalyst surface, which blocks the active sites and hinders mass transfer.
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LanguageEnglish
AffiliationNational Research Council Canada; Energy, Mining and Environment
Peer reviewedYes
IdentifierS0360319912012682
NPARC number21268768
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Record identifier1fca6c6c-5d00-42dc-b1ec-47762cac6648
Record created2013-11-12
Record modified2016-05-09
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