Optical turbulence profiling with SloDAR in the Canadian High Arctic

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1117/12.2056588
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TypeArticle
Proceedings titleProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
ConferenceGround-Based and Airborne Telescopes V, 22 June 2014 through 27 June 2014
ISSN0277-786X
ISBN9780819496133
Volume9145
Article number91453J
SubjectAirborne telescopes; Atmospheric thermodynamics; Atmospheric turbulence; Boundary layers; Earth (planet); Research laboratories; Space optics; Wavefronts; Astronomical instrument; Astronomical observation; Atmospheric characterization; Atmospheric research; Canadian high arctic; Polar environments; Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensors; Wave front sensors; Adaptive optics
AbstractThe Earth's polar regions offer unique advantages for ground-based astronomical observations with its cold and dry climate, long periods of darkness, and the potential for exquisite image quality. We present preliminary results from a site-testing campaign during nighttime from October to November 2012 at the Polar Environment Atmospheric Research Laboratory (PEARL), on a 610-m high ridge near the Eureka weatherstation on Ellesmere Island, Canada. A Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensor was employed, using the Slope Detection and Ranging (SloDAR) method. This instrument (Mieda et al, this conference) was designed to measure the altitude, strength and variability of atmospheric turbulence, in particular for operation under Arctic conditions. First SloDAR optical turbulence profiles above PEARL show roughly half of the optical turbulence confined to the boundary layer, below about 1 km, with the majority of the remainder in one or two thin layers between 2 km and 5 km, or above. The median seeing during this campaign was measured to be 0.65 arcsec.
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PublisherSPIE
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationNational Research Council Canada; National Science Infrastructure
Peer reviewedYes
NPARC number21275466
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Record identifier207ec278-c466-4f29-abe4-40f412c64d4a
Record created2015-07-14
Record modified2016-05-09
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