Machine translation: overview

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TypeBook Chapter
Book titleEncyclopedia of Language & Linguistics
Edition2nd ed.
Subjectautomatic translation; corpus-based machine translation; direct machine translation; example-based machine translation; interlingual machine translation; knowledge-based machine translation; rule-based machine translation; statistical machine translation; transfer-based machine translation; translation architectures; translation difficulties
AbstractMachine translation – the use of computers to translate automatically among human languages – is an alluring prospect, one that for more than 50 years has fascinated researchers, inspired idealists and opportunists, and provoked unease among professional translators. This article gives a broad survey of this diverse and active field. It begins with a description of the many challenging problems faced by designers of machine translation systems and explains why there appears to be slim hope of attaining human-level performance in the foreseeable future. With these problems in mind, this article examines the main symbolic and empirical translation methods, and tries to give a balanced picture of their strengths and weaknesses.
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AffiliationNational Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedYes
NPARC number23000866
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Record identifier23c2af70-7403-4eed-958e-55dcd9bf2531
Record created2016-10-26
Record modified2016-10-26
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