Mechanical Properties and Behaviour of BSAS/mullite-based Environmental Barrier Coatings Exposed to High Temperature in Water Vapour Environment

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ConferenceInternational Thermal Spray Conference (ITSC) 2010, 2010-05-03, Singapore
AbstractSi-based ceramics (e.g., SiC and Si3N4) are known as promising high-temperature structural materials in various components where metals/alloys reached their ultimate performances (e.g., advanced gas turbine engines and structural components of future hypersonic vehicles). To alleviate the thickness recess that Si-based ceramics undergo in a high-temperature environmental attack (e.g., H2O vapour), appropriate refractory oxides are engineered as environmental barrier coatings (EBCs). Presently, the state-of-the art EBCs comprise multilayers of silicon (Si) bond coat, mullite (Al6Si2O13) intermediate layer and BaO-SrO-Al2O3-SiO2 (BSAS) top coat. Evaluating and understanding their mechanical properties, such as, the elastic modulus (E) and the strain-stress relationship is essential for their practical application and reliable employment. It was investigated via depth-sensing indentation the role of high-temperature treatment (1300oC), performed in H2O vapour environment (for time intervals up to 500 h), on the mechanical behaviour of air plasma sprayed Si/mullite/BSAS layers deposited on SiC substrates. Laserultrasonics was employed to evaluate the E values of as-sprayed coatings and to validate the indentation results. The fully crystalline, crack-free and near crack-free as -sprayed EBCs were engineered under controlled deposition conditions. The (i) absence of phase transformation and (ii) stability of the low elastic modulus values (e.g., ~60-70 GPa) retained by the BSAS top layers even after harsh environmental exposures provides a plausible explanation for the almost crack-free coatings observed. The measured mechanical properties of the EBCs and their microstructural behaviour during the high-temperature exposure are discussed and correlated.
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AffiliationNRC Industrial Materials Institute; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedNo
NRC number12161
NPARC number16907857
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Record identifier249f2a59-3de0-46ae-a0cf-18f2889dfcc1
Record created2011-02-23
Record modified2016-05-09
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