Structural and catalytic properties of CMP kinase from Bacillus subtilis : a comparative analysis with the homologous enzyme from Escherichia coli

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1006/abbi.1997.9888
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TypeArticle
Journal titleArchives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
ISSN0003-9861
Volume340
Issue1
Pages144153; # of pages: 10
Subjectcmk/jofC gene; nucleoside monophosphate kinase; catalytic properties; infrared spectroscopy
AbstractCMP kinases from Bacillus subtilisand from Escherichia coliare encoded by thecmkgene (formerly known asjofCinB. subtilisand asmssAin E. coli). Similar in their primary structure (43% identity and 67% similarity in aminoacid sequence), the two proteins exhibit significant differences in nucleotide binding and catalysis. ATP, dATP, and GTP are equally effective as phosphate donors withE. coliCMP kinase whereas GTP is a poor substrate withB. subtilisCMP kinase. While CMP and dCMP are the best phosphate acceptors of both CMP kinases, the specific activity with these substrates and ATP as donor are 7- to 10-fold higher in the E. coli enzyme; the relative Vm values with UMP and CMP are 0.1 for the B. subtilis CMP kinase and 0.01 for theE. colienzyme. CMP increased the affinity of E. coli CMP kinase for ATP or for the fluorescent analog 3′-anthraniloyl dATP by one order of magnitude but had no effect on theB . subtilis enzyme. The differences in the catalytic properties of B. subtilis and E. coli CMP kinases might be reflected in the structure of the two proteins as inferred from infrared spectroscopy. Whereas the spectrum ofB. subtilisCMP kinase is dominated by a band at 1633 cm−1(representing β type structures), the spectrum of theE. colienzyme is dominated by two bands at 1653 and 1642 cm−1associated with α-helical and unordered structures, respectively. CMP induced similar spectral changes in both proteins with a rearrangement of some of the β-structures. ATP increases the denaturation temperature of B. subtilisCMP kinase by 9.3°C, whereas in the case of theE. colienzyme, binding of ATP has only a minor effect.
Publication date
PublisherElsevier B.V.
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationNational Research Council Canada; NRC Institute for Biodiagnostics
Peer reviewedYes
NRC number486
NPARC number9742681
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Record identifier24e485f1-6784-4929-8549-57a3caeda9c4
Record created2009-07-17
Record modified2016-10-28
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