On the correlation between free volume, phase diagram and ionic conductivity of aqueous and non-aqueous lithium battery electrolyte solutions over a wide concentration range

Download
  1. Get@NRC: On the correlation between free volume, phase diagram and ionic conductivity of aqueous and non-aqueous lithium battery electrolyte solutions over a wide concentration range (Opens in a new window)
DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1149/2.1601704jes
AuthorSearch for: ; Search for: ; Search for: ; Search for:
TypeArticle
Proceedings titleJournal of The Electrochemical Society
ConferenceMeeting of the IMLB, June 19-24, 2016, Chicago IL, USA
ISSN0013-4651
1945-7111
Volume164
Issue6
PagesA1002A1011
Subjectconductivity; electrolytes; free volume; Li-ion battery
AbstractThere is little known about the transport behavior of ions in electrolyte solutions at very high concentrations and there is currently no one widely-accepted theory or equation to describe it over the whole concentration range. In this work, the ionic conductivity (κ) of lithium salts in aqueous and non-aqueous electrolyte solutions have been measured as a function of concentration (C) and have been fitted to known theoretical and empirical equations. A new, isothermal, semi-empirical equation based on free volume theory: κ=AC exp[−γVo/Vf C] where Vo and Vf are the occupied and unoccupied “free” volume, respectively, gives better fit over the whole concentration range than the known equations. Vf and  V02, ϕ, the apparent molar volume of the salt, were calculated from density measurements and it is found that free volume decreases with concentration in both the aqueous and non-aqueous solutions over the whole range. We hypothesize that the changes to transport properties in solution with concentration are caused by structural changes that switches the conductivity mechanism from vehicular to a Grotthuss-type or a mixture of both. We, for the first time, correlate the origin of Cmax, the concentration of highest conductivity, to the eutectic composition in the salt-solvent phase diagram.
Publication date
PublisherElectrochemical Society
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationEnergy, Mining and Environment; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedYes
NPARC number23001721
Export citationExport as RIS
Report a correctionReport a correction
Record identifier268ff755-09b0-4985-8621-c95638ca1743
Record created2017-03-21
Record modified2017-03-21
Bookmark and share
  • Share this page with Facebook (Opens in a new window)
  • Share this page with Twitter (Opens in a new window)
  • Share this page with Google+ (Opens in a new window)
  • Share this page with Delicious (Opens in a new window)
Date modified: