Capture of carbon dioxide from flue or fuel gas mixtures by clathrate crystallization in a silica gel column

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijggc.2009.11.011
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TypeArticle
Journal titleInternational journal of greenhouse gas control
Volume4
IssueMay 3
Pages478485; # of pages: 8
SubjectGas hydrate; Silica gel; Carbon dioxide capture; Flue gas; Hydrogen; Gas separation
AbstractA column of silica gel was employed to contact water with flue gas (CO2/N2)mixture to assess if CO2 can be separated by hydrate crystallization. Three different silica gels were used. One with a pore size of 30 nm (particle size 40–75 mm) and two with a pore size of 100 nm and particle sizes of 40–75 and 75– 200 mm respectively. The observed trends indicate that larger pores and particle size increase the gas consumption, CO2 recovery, separation factor and water conversion to hydrate. Thus, the gel (gel #3) with the larger particle size and larger pore size was chosen to carry out experiments with concentrated CO2 mixtures and for experiments in the presence of tetrahydrofuran (THF), which itself is a hydrate forming substance. Addition of THF reduces the operating pressure in the crystallizer but it also reduces the gas uptake. Gel #3 was also used in experiments with a fuel gas (CO2/H2)mixture in order to recover CO2 and H2. It was found that the gel column performs as well as a stirred reactor in separating the gas components from both flue gas and fuel gas mixtures. However, the crystallization rate and hydrate yield are considerably enhanced in the former. Finally the need for stirring is eliminated with the gel column which is enormously beneficial economically.
Publication date
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationNRC Steacie Institute for Molecular Sciences; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedYes
NPARC number17673444
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Record identifier276aa132-7558-486d-9e57-2cb440c2525b
Record created2011-04-01
Record modified2016-05-09
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