Work function control of interfacial buffer layers for efficient and air-stable inverted low-bandgap organic photovoltaics

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1002/aenm.201100714
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TypeArticle
Journal titleAdvanced Energy Materials
ISSN1614-6832
Volume2
Issue3
Pages361368; # of pages: 8
Subjectair stable; cathodic interfacial buffer layers; low bandgap polymers; organic photovoltaics; work functions
AbstractA water-soluble cationic polythiophene derivative, poly[3-(6-{4-tert-butylpyridiniumyl}-hexyl)thiophene-2,5-diyl] [P3(TBP)HT], is combined with anionic poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):poly(p-styrenesulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS) on indium tin oxide (ITO) substrates via electrostatic layer-by-layer (eLbL) assembly. By varying the number of eLbL layers, the electrode's work function is precisely controlled from 4.6 to 3.8 eV. These polymeric coatings are used as cathodic interfacial modifiers for inverted-mode organic photovoltaics that incorporate a photoactive layer composed of either poly[(3-hexylthiophene)-2,5-diyl] (P3HT) and the fullerene acceptor [6,6-phenyl-C61-butyric acid methyl ester (PC61BM) or the low bandgap polymer [poly({4,8-di(2-ethylhexyloxyl)benzo[1,2-b:4,5-b′]dithiophene}-2,6-diyl)-alt-({5-octylthieno[3,4-c]pyrrole-4,6-dione}-1,3-diyl) (PBDTTPD)] and the electron acceptor [6,6-phenyl-C71-butyric acid methyl ester (PC71BM)]. The power conversion efficiency (PCE) of the resulting photovoltaic device is dependent on the composition of the eLbL-assembled interface and permits the fabrication of devices with efficiencies of 3.8% and 5.6% for P3HT and PBDTTPD donor polymers, respectively. Notably, these devices demonstrate significant stability with a P3HT:PC61BM system maintaining 83% of its original PCE after 1 year of storage and a PBDTTPD:PC71BM system maintaining 97% of its original PCE after over 1000 h of storage in air, according to the ISOS-D-1 shelf protocol.
Publication date
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationNational Institute for Nanotechnology; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedYes
NPARC number21268196
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Record identifier27b5381e-20c2-498d-ad27-732d86b80e8d
Record created2013-05-30
Record modified2016-05-09
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