Gas diffusion electrodes containing ZHP/Nafion for PEMFC operation at 120°C

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.jelechem.2006.06.018
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TypeArticle
Journal titleJournal of Electroanalytical Chemistry
ISSN1572-6657
1873-2569
Volume596
Issue1
Pages3846
Subjectgas diffusion electrode; PEM fuel cell; water management; electrode design
AbstractGas diffusion electrodes (GDEs) incorporating zirconium hydrogen phosphate (ZHP) and Nafion ionomer are investigated in order to examine the influence of ZHP on the properties of catalyst layers (CL) for high temperature polymer electrolyte fuel cells (PEMFCs). ZHP/Nafion-GDEs contained 20 wt% ZHP based on Nafion. GDEs were characterized by SEM, TEM, and FT-IR. Fuel cell polarization curves for ZHP/Nafion-GDE cathodes and anodes were evaluated at temperatures ranging from 80 to 120 °C and relative humidities of 100% to 35%. ZHP/Nafion-containing anodes gave similar polarization curves to Nafion-GDEs below 100 °C but provided higher fuel cell performance above 100 °C. Thermal gravimetric analysis indicated that the presence of ZHP marginally increased the water content in the catalyst layer above 100 °C and EIS analysis indicated that ZHP increased protonic conductivity of the catalyst layer. In contrast, no such increase in performance was observed for ZHP/Nafion-GDE cathodes compared to Nafion-GDEs.
Publication date
PublisherElsevier
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationNational Research Council Canada; NRC Institute for Fuel Cell Innovation
Peer reviewedYes
NPARC number23001996
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Record identifier2b6924ca-bafb-4603-98b1-ef40705a564b
Record created2017-07-14
Record modified2017-07-14
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