Glutamyl-tRNA synthetases of Bacillus subtilis 168T and of Bacillus stearothermophilus. Cloning and sequencing of the gltX genes and comparison with other aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases

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TypeArticle
Journal titleThe Journal Of Biological Chemistry
Volume265
Issue30
Pages1824818255; # of pages: 8
AbstractThe glutamyl-tRNA synthetase (GluRS) of Bacillus subtilis 168T aminoacylates with glutamate its homologous tRNA(Glu) and tRNA(Gln) in vivo and Escherichia coli tRNA(1Gln) in vitro (Lapointe, J., Duplain, L., and Proulx, M. (1986) J. Bacteriol. 165, 88-93). The gltX gene encoding this enzyme was cloned and sequenced. It encodes a protein of 483 amino acids with a Mr of 55,671. Alignment of the amino acid sequences of four bacterial GluRSs (from B. subtilis, Bacillus stearothermophilus, E. coli, and Rhizobium meliloti) gives 20% identity and reveals the presence of several short highly conserved motifs in the first two thirds of these proteins. Conserved motifs are found at corresponding positions in several other aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases. The only sequence similarity between the GluRSs of these Bacillus species and the E. coli glutaminyl-tRNA synthetase (GlnRS), which has no counterpart in the E. coli GluRS, is in a segment of 30 amino acids in the last third of these synthetases. In the three-dimensional structure of the E. coli tRNA(Gln).GlnRS.ATP complex, this conserved peptide is near the anticodon of tRNA(Gln) (Rould, M. A., Perona, J. J., Söll, D., and Steitz, T. A. (1989) Science 246, 1135-1142), suggesting that this region is involved in the specific interactions between these enzymes and the anticodon regions of their tRNA substrates.
Publication date
Linkhttp://www.jbc.org/content/265/30/18248.full.pdf+html
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationNational Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedNo
NRC numberBRETON1990
NPARC number9387062
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Record identifier2ba97ad0-cd88-4747-9980-73053b05381d
Record created2009-07-10
Record modified2016-05-09
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