Load monitoring of aerospace structures utilizing micro-electro-mechanical systems for static and quasi-static loading conditions

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1088/0964-1726/21/11/115001
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TypeArticle
Journal titleSmart Materials and Structures
ISSN0964-1726
Volume21
Issue11
Article number115001
SubjectAerospace structure; Aluminum beams; Aluminum skin; Angle estimation; Applied strain; Displacement curve; Finite element models; Fourth order; Linear variable displacement transducers; Load monitoring; Load monitoring systems; Loading condition; Micro electro mechanical system; National Research Council; Polynomial surface; Quasi-static loading; Sensor systems; Shear loads; Structural complexity; Test platforms; Wing structures; Aluminum; Estimation; Finite element method; MEMS; Stringers; Transducers; Loading
AbstractThe National Research Council Canada (NRC) has worked on the development of structural health monitoring (SHM) test platforms for assessing the performance of sensor systems for load monitoring applications. The first SHM platform consists of a 5.5m cantilever aluminum beam that provides an optimal scenario for evaluating the ability of a load monitoring system to measure bending, torsion and shear loads. The second SHM platform contains an added level of structural complexity, by consisting of aluminum skins with bonded/riveted stringers, typical of an aircraft lower wing structure. These two load monitoring platforms are well characterized and documented, providing loading conditions similar to those encountered during service. In this study, a micro-electro-mechanical system (MEMS) for acquiring data from triads of gyroscopes, accelerometers and magnetometers is described. The system was used to compute changes in angles at discrete stations along the platforms. The angles obtained from the MEMS were used to compute a second, third or fourth order degree polynomial surface from which displacements at every point could be computed. The use of a new Kalman filter was evaluated for angle estimation, from which displacements in the structure were computed. The outputs of the newly developed algorithms were then compared to the displacements obtained from the linear variable displacement transducers connected to the platforms. The displacement curves were subsequently post-processed either analytically, or with the help of a finite element model of the structure, to estimate strains and loads. The estimated strains were compared with baseline strain gauge instrumentation installed on the platforms. This new approach for load monitoring was able to provide accurate estimates of applied strains and shear loads. © 2012 IOP Publishing Ltd.
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LanguageEnglish
AffiliationNational Research Council Canada (NRC-CNRC); Aerospace (AERO-AERO)
Peer reviewedYes
NPARC number21269282
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Record identifier2ca87f7a-9b36-4d4d-a465-accf703a652b
Record created2013-12-12
Record modified2016-05-09
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