Following the thermal activation of Au25(SR)18 clusters for catalysis by x-ray absorption spectroscopy

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1021/jp4063687
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TypeArticle
Journal titleThe Journal of Physical Chemistry C
ISSN1932-7447
1932-7455
Volume117
Issue39
Pages2000720016; # of pages: 10
AbstractWe show the thermal activation of phenylethanethiolate (L = SC₈H₉) and hexanethiolate (L = SC₆H₁₃) Au₂₅L₁₈ monolayer protected clusters (MPCs) on carbon black supports, followed by characterization with extended Xray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) spectroscopy and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). EXAFS analysis shows that the thiolate stabilizers can be partially removed from the surface under mild heating conditions without significant changes in the cluster size. The resulting clusters are shown to be catalytically active for the reduction catalysis of 4-nitrophenol. EXAFS and TEM data show that thermal treatment under air at 200 °C leads to nearly complete removal of all of the thiolate stabilizers with little to no growth in cluster size, while cluster sintering was seen at higher calcination temperatures. The maximum catalytic activity for Au₂₅(SC₈H₉)₁₈ MPCs was seen at 250 °C activation conditions. These results are consistent with results reported earlier for Au₂₅(SR)₁₈ clusters on ceria by Jin et al., who suggested that cluster integrity was maintained during mild activation conditions. Here, EXAFS data unambiguously show that while the cluster size does not grow significantly, such mild heating conditions do lead to nearly complete removal of the thiolate stabilizers.
Publication date
PublisherACS Publications
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationNational Research Council Canada; Aquatic and Crop Resource Development
Peer reviewedYes
NRC number55822
NPARC number21268657
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Record identifier2e9a8ad7-e680-43ca-b179-e586e38a8557
Record created2013-11-06
Record modified2017-03-23
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