Combined inhibition of PDGF and VEGF receptors by ellagic acid, a dietary-derived phenolic compound*

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1093/carcin/bgi024
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TypeArticle
Journal titleCarcinogenesis
Volume26
Pagesbgi024
AbstractThe vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) receptors play essential and complementary roles in angiogenesis, and combined inhibition of these receptors has been shown to result in potent antitumor activity in vivo. In this study, we report that ellagic acid, a natural polyphenol found in fruits and nuts, inhibits VEGF-induced phosphorylation of VEGFR-2 in EC as well as PDGF-induced phosphorylation of PDGFR in smooth muscle cells, leading to the inhibition of downstream signaling triggered by these receptors. Ellagic acid also specifically inhibited VEGF-induced migration of endothelial cells as well as their differentiation into capillary-like tubular structures, and abolished PDGF-dependent smooth muscle cell migration. Interestingly, ellagic acid presents a greater selectivity for normal cells than for tumor cells since the migration of the U87 and HT1080 cell lines were much less affected by this molecule. The identification of ellagic acid as a naturally occurring dual inhibitor of VEGF and PDGF receptors suggests that this molecule possesses important antiangiogenic properties that may be helpful for the prevention and treatment of cancer.
Publication date
AffiliationNational Research Council Canada; NRC Biotechnology Research Institute
Peer reviewedNo
NPARC number12338906
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Record identifier2f34ff41-2ea0-49ac-9ebb-3bcc167e91fb
Record created2009-09-11
Record modified2016-05-09
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