Residential Space Heating with the Heat Pump

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Journal titleBuilding Research Note
Subjectheat pumps; air to air heat pumps; ground source heat pumps; cost benefit analysis; residential facilities; Heating
AbstractThe operation of heat pumps for residential space heating is described. The air-to-air heat pump is able to compete economically with electrical resistance heating systems. From a "prime" energy use point of view, it can raise the over-all efficiency of electrical heating from 28 to 42 per cent. If the seasonal performance factor could be improved, in this case by 35 per cent, the air-to-air heat pump would be more resource energy efficient than conventional oil and gas furnaces. Other heat pump systems, listed below, require further investigation to assess their potential for residential application: (i) ground source heat pump, (ii) solar-assisted heat pump, (iii) "ice-maker" heat pump. Important factors that need to be considered in the use of heat pumps are: (i) initial cost to the consumer, (ii) system reliability, (iii) load factor and time of peak demand on the electrical utility.
Publication date
AffiliationNRC Institute for Research in Construction; National Research Council Canada
NoteAussi disponible en français: Chauffage résidentiel au moyen de la ponpe à chaleur.
Peer reviewedNo
NRC number1685
NPARC number20377399
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Record identifier2ffc0427-a6e8-49e1-b95e-ce72c3d0759e
Record created2012-07-24
Record modified2016-05-09
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