Variations in the composition and rheology of bituminous crack sealants for pavement maintenance

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Proceedings titlePreservation of Roadway Structures and Pavements
Series titleJournal of the Transportation Research Board; no. 1933
ConferenceTransportation Research Board 84th Annual Meeting, January 9-13, 2005, Washington, D.C., USA
Pages107112; # of pages: 15
Subjectpavements, crack sealants, maintenance, rheology, quality control; Pavements; Roads/Pavement
AbstractBituminous crack sealants are used for the preventive maintenance of asphalt concrete pavements. The selection of a durable sealant can be difficult, however, mainly because of the lack of correlation between standard sealant specifications and field performance. Hence, an approved list of materials based on past performance is sometimes used to select sealants. However, sealant durability and performance vary over time. To investigate the effect of sealant lot variation on sealant properties, six lots of two sealants from different suppliers were analyzed for filler and polymer contents and rheological response. It was found that the difference in composition and rheology between lots can be similar to that between sealants produced by different manufacturers. Hence, sealant lot-to-lot variation can partly explain the variation in the field performance of sealants. Therefore, lists of approved products drawn from the field performance of past years are ineffective in the selection of sealants for future maintenance. The application of segregated sealants was also investigated, including assessing the effect of melter stirring on sealant homogeneity and measuring the segregation of sealant upon cooling. It was found that sealants do not segregate after their application and subsequent cooling and that a rapid circumferential stirring of 25 revolutions per minute in the heating kettle allowed for the remixing of a segregated sealant.
Publication date
AffiliationNational Research Council Canada; NRC Institute for Research in Construction
NoteAlso published in "Transportation Research Board 84th Annual Meeting: Compendium of Papers CD-ROM.(2005)"
Peer reviewedYes
NRC number47709
NPARC number20378417
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Record identifier34467775-d52c-40fd-9e2a-e820e1234850
Record created2012-07-24
Record modified2016-05-09
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