Laboratory tests of water penetration through wall-window interfaces based on U.S. residential window installation practice

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1520/JAI101428
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TypeArticle
Journal titleJournal of ASTM International
Volume6
Issue8
Pages135; # of pages: 35
Subjectlaboratory tests, rainwater intrusion, wall-window interface, watertightness, window installation details, wind-driven rain; Wall/Window interface; Walls; Moisture performance
AbstractThe detailing of wall-window interfaces and the consequences of defective installation of windows is an on-going concern in North America. This manuscript concerns laboratory evaluation of the water leakage performance of a select set of window-wall interface details. The details were for windows with mounting flanges installed in wood-frame walls sheathed with rigid extruded polystyrene foam. The tests were performed on a single full scale test assembly in which two identical windows were installed by two similar but nonetheless different means. Each detail included a sill pan intended to collect water that gained entry into the assembly and thus was designed to be robust (tolerant of flaws). Tests were performed over a series of different water loading (spray) rates, and over a series of different air pressure differentials at each spray rate. Air leakage rates through the window opening were monitored; they were controlled by a unique methodology. Leakage paths were introduced in the window frames and these paths were alternatively blocked or opened to permit evaluation of the performance of the installation details under two different assumed conditions of window leakage. Air pressure distribution within the assemblies was monitored during spray testing. The wall assembly were designed to permit observation of water entry in it, and to allow measurement of water entry to, or drainage from, various locations within the assembly. Results on water entry and management for the two wall-window interface configurations are given and effectiveness of the details is discussed.
Publication date
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationNRC Institute for Research in Construction; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedYes
NRC number50033
18769
NPARC number20377874
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Record identifier3495390a-e159-4679-a9f3-d9fce774903b
Record created2012-07-24
Record modified2016-05-09
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