Chemisorption of thiolated poly(ethylene oxide) to gold: surface chain densities measured by ellipsometry and neutron reflectometry

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcis.2004.08.022
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TypeArticle
Journal titleJournal of Colloid and Interface Science
Volume281
Issue1
Pages112121; # of pages: 10
SubjectChemisorption; Cloud point; Conformation; Ellipsometry; Neutron reflectometry; Poly(ethylene oxide); Surface chain density; XPS
AbstractPhysical property studies of surfaces formed by chemisorption of polyethylene oxide (PEO) onto gold are reported. Such surfaces have potential as model materials for elucidation of the mechanism of resistance to protein adsorption by PEO surfaces. Thiolated monomethoxy poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO) was chemisorbed onto gold-coated silicon wafers under various conditions such that different surface chain densities were achieved. Chain density was varied by controlling PEO solubility (proximity to cloud-point conditions) as well as chemisorption time. Films prepared with PEO of molecular weight 750, 2000, and 5000 g/mol were studied. Chain densities determined in the dry state by ellipsometry were found to be in the range of 0.4-0.7, 0.33-0.58, and 0.12-0.30 chains/nm2 for MW 750, 2000, and 5000 PEO, respectively. Chain density was found to decrease with increasing molecular weight and to increase as cloud-point conditions were approached. PEO-layer mass densities and chain densities were determined independently by neutron reflectometry. Under low-solubility conditions and for a 4-h chemisorption time, film mass and chain density values of 1.0?0.3?g[thin space]cm-3 and 1.8?0.9?chains/nm2 were found for MW 750 PEO, and 0.82?0.02?g[thin space]cm-3 and 0.23?0.07?chains/nm2 for MW 5000 PEO. Ellipsometry data for these systems yielded graft densities of 0.63?0.13 and 0.30?0.02?chains/nm2, respectively. Using the mass densities obtained from the neutron data in the ellipsometry calculations, chain densities of 0.6?0.3 and 0.25?0.02?chains/nm2, respectively, were obtained for the MW 750 and 5000 films. The ellipsometry and neutron data for the MW 5000 system are thus in agreement within experimental error. In general, the chain-density values are much higher than those corresponding to layers of unperturbed random coil PEO ("mushrooms"), suggesting that the PEO layers are in the brush regime with the chains in an extended conformation.
Publication date
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationNational Research Council Canada; National Institute for Nanotechnology; NRC Canadian Neutron Beam Centre
Peer reviewedYes
NPARC number12338092
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Record identifier34e52cb9-10b1-4f6e-be8a-e0f16531eb90
Record created2009-09-10
Record modified2017-03-23
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