Identifying purpose behind electoral tweets

DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1145/2502069.2502070
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TypeArticle
Proceedings titleProceedings of the 2nd International Workshop on Issues of Sentiment Discovery and Opinion Mining, WISDOM 2013 - Held in Conjunction with SIGKDD 2013
Conference2nd International Workshop on Issues of Sentiment Discovery and Opinion Mining, WISDOM 2013 - Held in Conjunction with SIGKDD 2013, 11 August 2013 through 11 August 2013, Chicago, IL
ISBN9781450323321
Article number1
SubjectEmotion detection; Key Issues; Large dataset; National elections; Natural language applications; Question Answering; Single event; Data mining; Natural language processing systems
AbstractTweets pertaining to a single event, such as a national election, can number in the hundreds of millions. Automatically analyzing them is beneficial in many downstream natural language applications such as question answering and summarization. In this paper, we propose a new task: identifying purpose behind electoral tweets|why do people post election-oriented tweets? We show that identifying purpose is related to sentiment and emotion detection, but yet significantly different. Detecting purpose has a number of applications including detecting the mood of the electorate, estimating the popularity of policies, identifying key issues of contention, and predicting the course of events. We create a large dataset of electoral tweets and annotate a few thousand tweets for purpose. We develop a system that automatically classifies electoral tweets as per their purpose, obtaining an accuracy of 44.58% on an 11-class task and an accuracy of 73.91% on a 3-class task (both accuracies well above the most-frequent-class baseline). We also show that resources developed for emotion detection are helpful for detecting purpose.
Publication date
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationNational Research Council Canada (NRC-CNRC)
Peer reviewedYes
NPARC number21270890
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Record identifier34fa28d6-df63-4377-abcd-fb224ccefc0f
Record created2014-02-18
Record modified2016-05-09
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