Requirement of the lipopolysaccharide O-chain biosynthesis gene wxocB for type III secretion and virulence of Xanthomonas oryzae pv. Oryzicola

  1. Get@NRC: Requirement of the lipopolysaccharide O-chain biosynthesis gene wxocB for type III secretion and virulence of Xanthomonas oryzae pv. Oryzicola (Opens in a new window)
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Journal titleJournal of Bacteriology
Pages19591969; # of pages: 11
Subjectexopolysaccharide; lipopolysaccharide; novobiocin; phytoalexin; resveratrol; antibiotic resistance; article; biosynthesis; mutant; nonhuman; oxidative stress; pathogenesis; plant cell; priority journal; structure analysis; virulence; wild type; Xanthomonas oryzae; Bacterial Proteins; Bacterial Secretion Systems; Gene Expression Regulation, Bacterial; Glucosyltransferases; Lipopolysaccharides; Molecular Structure; Mutation; Oryza sativa; Plant Diseases; Protein Transport; Virulence; Xanthomonas; Bacteria (microorganisms); Xanthomonas; Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzicola
AbstractXanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzicola causes bacterial leaf streak of rice. A mutant disrupted in wxocB, predicted to encode an enzyme for lipopolysaccharide (LPS) synthesis, was previously shown to suffer reduced virulence. Here, we confirm a role for wxocB in virulence and demonstrate its requirement for LPS O-chain assembly. Structure analysis indicated that wild-type LPS contains a polyrhamnose O chain with irregular, variant residues and a core oligosaccharide identical to that of other Xanthomonas spp. and that the wxocB mutant lacks the O chain. The mutant also showed moderate impairment in exopolysaccharide (EPS) production, but comparison with an EPS-deficient mutant demonstrated that this impairment could not account entirely for the reduced virulence. The wxocB mutant was not detectably different from the wild type in its induction of pathogenesis- related rice genes, type II secretion competence, flagellar motility, or resistance to two phytoalexins or resveratrol, and it was more, not less, resistant to oxidative stress and a third phytoalexin, indicating that none of these properties is involved. The mutant was more sensitive to SDS and to novobiocin, so increased sensitivity to some host-derived antimicrobials cannot be ruled out. However, the mutant showed a marked decrease in type III secretion into plant cells. This was not associated with any change in expression of genes for type III secretion or the ability to attach to plant cells in suspension. Thus, virulence of the wxocB mutant is likely reduced due primarily to a direct, possibly structural, effect of the loss of the O chain on type III delivery of effector proteins. © 2013, American Society for Microbiology.
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AffiliationNational Research Council Canada (NRC-CNRC); NRC Institute for Biological Sciences (IBS-ISB)
Peer reviewedYes
NPARC number21269910
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Record identifier35c878b6-c385-4c2f-b08e-9ead5d2fff2e
Record created2013-12-13
Record modified2016-05-09
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