Cycloalkylmethyl radicals. 5. 6- to 15-membered rings: EPR studies of ring conformations and stereodynamics

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1021/ja00257a006
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TypeArticle
Journal titleJournal of the American Chemical Society
ISSN0002-7863
Volume109
Issue23
Pages69376943; # of pages: 7
AbstractCycloalkylmethyl radicals having 7- to 15-membered rings (excluding cyclotetradecylmethyl) have been generated and examined by EPR spectroscopy. All the cycloalkylmethyl radicals from the 9-membered ring upward show two distinguishable conformers, though there may be additional conformers present with cyclodecylmethyl and cyclopentadecylmethyl radicals. All the cycloalkylmethyl radicals from the 10-membered ring upward have one conformer, the quasi-equatorial, QE, with an Hβ hfs in the range 27.7-32.0 G at 140 K and one conformer, the quasi-axial, QA, with an Hβ hfs in the range 38.3-40.4 G at 140 K. The QE and QA conformers have been assigned to species in which the CH2• group occupies "outer-edge" and "corner" sites, respectively, in the preferred conformations of the cycloalkanes. The EPR results indicated that the preferred conformations of the C9, C10, C11, C12, C13, and C15 rings were [333], [2323], [335], [3333], [346], and [33333], respectively. Arrhenius parameters for ring-atom site exchange in the cycloalkylmethyl radicals have been determined from the exchange broadening in the EPR spectra. These EPR barriers are compared with literature data on cycloalkane free energy barriers measured by NMR and enthalpic barriers estimated by force field and related methods.
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LanguageEnglish
AffiliationNational Research Council Canada (NRC-CNRC)
Peer reviewedYes
NPARC number21276511
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Record identifier35eba513-5fec-4563-9eac-793a29e8b1f1
Record created2015-10-13
Record modified2016-05-09
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