A novel pentamer versus pentamer approach to generating neutralizers of verotoxin 1: Mol.Immunol.

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TypeArticle
Journal titleMol.Immunol.
Volume44
Issue9
Pages24872491; # of pages: 5
SubjectAmino Acid Sequence; Animals; antagonists & inhibitors; Antibodies; antibody; Antibody Affinity; assay; B-SUBUNIT; binding; Binding Sites; BINDING-SITE; Camelids,New World; Canada; cell; CELLS; Cercopithecus aethiops; chemistry; Cytotoxicity,Immunologic; Escherichia; Escherichia coli; ESCHERICHIA-COLI; immunology; In Vitro; INFECTION; isolation & purification; Kinetics; Libraries; Molecular Sequence Data; MUTANT; Mutant Proteins; Neutralization Tests; Protein Structure,Quaternary; Protein Structure,Tertiary; receptor; Receptors,Cell Surface; Shiga Toxin 1; SHIGA-LIKE TOXIN; SITE; SITES; SUBUNIT; Syndrome; Vero Cells; verotoxin; Virulence; Virulence Factors
AbstractVerotoxins (VTs), or shiga-like toxins, are produced by enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC), which cause hemorrhagic colitis and hemolytic uremic syndrome. VTs are the major virulence factors in EHEC infection due to their cytotoxicity to various types of cells. Here, we present a novel type of VT neutralizer based on pentavalent single-domain antibodies, or pentabodies. Two single-domain antibodies (sdAbs) specific for the receptor binding sites of the B subunit of VT1 (VT1B) were isolated from a naive llama phage display library. These two sdAbs were pentamerized to generate pentameric VT neutralizers, VTI-1 and VTI-3. Both VT neutralizers bound wild type VT1B specifically with superior functional affinity. In vitro neutralization assays showed that VTI-1 and VTI-3 were able to neutralize 90% and 40%, respectively, of the cytotoxicity caused by VT1. This effort provides the basis of a novel type of VT neutralizer that can potentially be produced at a relatively low cost
Publication date
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationNRC Institute for Biological Sciences; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedNo
NRC numberSTONE2007A
NPARC number9386390
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Record identifier37701206-a5b2-4c7f-ab74-380185972180
Record created2009-07-10
Record modified2016-05-09
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