Components of the carbonyl stretching band in the infrared spectra of hydrated 1,2-diacylglycerolipid bilayers : a reevaluation

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TypeArticle
Journal titleBiophysical Journal
Volume67
Pages23672375; # of pages: 9
AbstractPrevious vibrational spectroscopic studies of solid acyl-alkyl and diacyl phosphatidylcholines suggested that the snl - and sn2- carbonyl stretching modes of 1,2-diacylglycerolipids have different absorption maxima. To address the assignment of sn1 - and sn2- carbonyl stretching modes of hydrated 1,2-diacylglycerolipids, aqueous dispersions of 1 -palmitoyl-2-hexadecyl phosphatidylcholine (PHPC), 1 -hexadecyl-2-palmitoyl phosphatidylcholine (HPPC), 1,2-dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC), as well as hydrated samples of unlabeled, sn1l-¹³C=O-labeled, sn2-¹³C=0-labeled, and doubly ¹³C=O-labeled dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine (DMPC) were examined by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. The ester carbonyl stretching (vc=o) bands of HPPC and PHPC each exhibit maxima near 1726 cm⁻¹ and appear to be a summation of three subcomponents with maxima near 1740 cm⁻¹,1725 and 1705-1711 cm⁻¹. In contrast, the vc=0 band of DPPC exhibits its maximum near 1733 cm⁻¹ and appears to be a summation of two components centered near 1742 and 1727 cm⁻¹. Thus the ester carbonyl group of the acyl-alkyl PCs appears to reside in a more polar environment than the ester carbonyl groups of their diacyl analogue. This observation implies that the polar/apolar interfaces of hydrated bilayers formed by PHPC and by HPPC are significantly different from that of DPPC and raises the question of whether the acyl-alkyl PCs are suitable models of their diacyl analogue. The absorption maximum of the vc=o band of the doubly ¹³C=O-labeled DMPC occurs near 1691 cm⁻¹ and those of its subcomponents occur near 1699 and 1685cm⁻¹. These frequencies are consistent with a ¹²C=0/¹³C0 'isotopic shift' of 42-43 cm⁻¹. snl - and snY2-¹³C=O-labeled DMPC each exhibit well resolved ¹²C and ¹³C vc=0 bands with absorption maxima near 1734 and 1692 cm⁻¹, respectively. With both specifically ¹³C=O-labeled lipids, the ¹²C and ¹³C vo bands each seem to be a summation of subcomponents with absorption maxima near 1742 and 1727 cm-1 (¹²C vc=0) and 1699 and 1685 cm-1 (¹³C vc=0), regardless of whether the ¹³C=O-labeled fatty acyl chain is esterified at the snl - or sn2- positions of the glycerol backbone. We conclude that in hydrated 1,2-diacyl PC bilayers, the patterns of infrared absorption exhibited by ester carbonyl groups located at the primary and secondary positions of the glycerol backbone are similar. Also, the resolvable subcomponents of their vc=0 bands are each a summation of comparable contributions from both ester carbonyl groups and therefore cannot be attributed to the inequivalent locations of the two ester carbonyl groups. This result differs from that of the vibrational spectroscopic studies alluded to above and raises the question of whether data obtained in studies of dry (or poorly hydrated) lipids are applicable to fully hydrated lipid bilayers. To address questions of why the results of the two studies differ, we have also examined the vc=o bands of solid samples of DPPC, HPPC, and PHPC. We find that the vc-0 bands of all solid lipids studied differ from those of the hydrated samples. Moreover, with solid lipids the vc=o bands vary with the enantiomeric configuration, enantiomeric purity and thermal thermal history as well as with the way in which the sample was prepared. Also, although the vc=0 bands of solid HPPC and PHPC vary significantly with sample preparation methodology, samples of PHPC and HPPC prepared by the same method exhibit very similar vc=0 absorption bands. We conclude as far as the organization of lipid polar/apolar interfaces is concerned, solid lipids are not good models of hydrated lipid bilayers and suggest that this may be largely responsible for the different conclusions drawn in this work and in previously published studies.
Publication date
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationNational Research Council Canada; NRC Institute for Biodiagnostics
Peer reviewedYes
NRC number143
NPARC number9742436
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Record identifier37922bc5-170d-4525-8438-354d45a94dfb
Record created2009-07-17
Record modified2016-12-06
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