Air distribution over a combustor liner

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Proceedings titleASME Turbo Expo 2014: Turbine Technical Conference and Expo
ConferenceASME Turbo Expo 2014: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition, June 16-20, 2014, Düsseldorf, Germany
VolumeCombustion, Fuels and Emissions 4A
AbstractThe splitting of the airflow that passes through the openings in the combustor liner is vital to its performance. Traditionally, numerical simulations of the gas turbine combustor have limited the computational domain to only the flow field inside the liner, while the airflow distribution over the liner is estimated based on semi-empirical correlations. In addition, the airflow rates are assumed to be the same through the identical open passages at each combustor axial cross-section. In the present study, the internal and external flow fields of a practical gas turbine combustor liner are directly coupled, so the air splitting is determined by comprehensive simulations. The predicted results for the air distribution are closely correlated to the dataset estimated from recently improved semi-empirical correlations for passage discharge-coefficients. The simulations also show that the effects of the combustion process on the air splitting can be neglected. Lastly, the results reveal that the airflow through identical passages at the same axial cross-section are not equal, and can vary by up to ±25% of the mean. In summary, the present study suggests that when performing computational models of gas turbine combustor flows, the simulations should couple the liner’s internal and external air splits whenever possible.
Publication date
AffiliationAerospace; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedYes
NPARC number23000012
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Record identifier39ee2715-6d9f-4bc9-842f-33f3cb71aef5
Record created2016-05-19
Record modified2016-05-24
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