Investigation of CrSi2 and MoSi2 as anode materials for lithium-ion batteries

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowrsour.2011.11.047
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TypeArticle
Journal titleJournal of Power Sources
Volume202
Pages269275; # of pages: 7
SubjectCrSi2; MoSi2; Silicide; Li-ion batteries; Anode material
AbstractWe report on the suitability of the two metal silicides MoSi 2 and CrSi 2 as anode materials for Li-ion batteries. The two materials were synthesized by high energy ball milling of the corresponding metals and X-ray diffraction was used to follow the evolution/formation of the crystalline phases. The in-house prepared powders have shown better battery performance than commercial powders (as-received or ball-milled). We observed that 20 h were necessary for the formation of MoSi 2 whereas 100 h were needed for the formation of the CrSi 2 powder. The best battery performance was obtained with the synthesized CrSi 2 powder that has a theoretical capacity value of 469 mAh g-¹. This powder provided capacities of 340, 262, 167, 110, and 58 mAh g-¹ at C/12, C/6, C/2, C, and 2C, respectively. Cycling at 60 °C showed higher capacity values, but with a faster fade of these values.
Publication date
PublisherElsevier
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationNRC Institute for Chemical Process and Environmental Technology; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedYes
NRC number53044
NPARC number19335205
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Record identifier3a1e8729-81d6-4410-bc97-45d36fd026a1
Record created2012-01-27
Record modified2016-05-09
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