Lymphotoxin-α plays only a minor role in host resistance to respiratory infection with virulent type A Francisella tularensis in mice

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1155/2008/239740
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TypeArticle
Journal titleMediators of Inflammation
ISSN0962-9351
1466-1861
Volume2008
Pages16
AbstractThis study examined the role of lymphotoxin (LT)-α in host defense against airborne infection with Francisella tularensis, a gram-negative facultative intracellular bacterium and the causative agent of tularemia. Following a low-dose aerosol infection with the highly virulent type A strain of F. tularensis, mice deficient in LTα (LTα−/−) consistently harbored approximately 10-fold fewer bacteria in their spleens at day 2 and 10-fold more bacteria in their lungs at day 4 than LTα+/+ mice. However, the mortality and median time to death were indistinguishable between the two mouse strains. In addition, the inflammatory responses to the infection, as reflected by the cytokine levels and leukocyte influx in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid and histopathological analysis, were generally similar between LTα−/− and LTα+/+ mice. These data suggest that although LTα does not contribute significantly to the resistance and host responses of mice to airborne type A F. tularensis infection, it does play a subtle role in the multiplication/dissemination of F. tularensis.
Publication date
PublisherHindawi Publishing Corporation
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationNational Research Council Canada; NRC Institute for Biological Sciences
Peer reviewedYes
NPARC number23001885
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Record identifier3bbc4300-63c8-4efd-b971-7a41308e2e20
Record created2017-05-05
Record modified2017-05-05
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