Electronic properties of gated triangular graphene quantum dots: Magnetism, correlations, and geometrical effects

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.85.075431
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TypeArticle
Journal titlePhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
ISSN1098-0121
Volume85
Issue7
Article number75431
AbstractWe present a theory of electronic properties of gated triangular graphene quantum dots with zigzag edges as a function of size and carrier density. We focus on electronic correlations, spin, and geometrical effects using a combination of atomistic tight-binding, Hartree-Fock, and configuration interaction methods (TB+HF+CI), including long-range Coulomb interactions. The single-particle energy spectrum of triangular dots with zigzag edges exhibits a degenerate shell at the Fermi level with a degeneracy N edge proportional to the edge size. We determine the effect of the electron-electron interactions on the ground state, the total spin, and the excitation spectrum as a function of a shell filling and the degeneracy of the shell using TB+HF+CI for N edge<12 and approximate CI method for N edge≥12. For a half-filled neutral shell we find spin-polarized ground state for structures up to N=500 atoms in agreement with previous ab initio and mean-field calculations and in agreement with Lieb's theorem for a Hubbard model on a bipartite lattice. Adding a single electron leads to the complete spin depolarization for N edge≤9. For larger structures, the spin depolarization is shown to occur at different filling factors. Away from half-fillings excess electrons(holes) are shown to form Wigner-like spin-polarized triangular molecules corresponding to large gaps in the excitation spectrum. The validity of conclusions is assessed by a comparison of results obtained from different levels of approximations. While for the charge-neutral system all methods give qualitatively similar results, away from the charge neutrality an inclusion of all Coulomb scattering terms is necessary to produce results presented here. © 2012 American Physical Society.
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LanguageEnglish
AffiliationNational Research Council Canada (NRC-CNRC); NRC Institute for Microstructural Sciences (IMS-ISM)
Peer reviewedYes
NPARC number21269525
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Record identifier3e095486-eed6-48ee-af7c-7a4fe824f9fb
Record created2013-12-12
Record modified2016-05-09
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