Substrate profiling of cyclohexylamine oxidase and its mutants reveals new biocatalytic potential in deracemization of racemic amines

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1007/s00253-013-5028-1
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TypeArticle
Journal titleApplied Microbiology and Biotechnology
ISSN0175-7598
Pages19; # of pages: 9
AbstractA cyclohexylamine oxidase (CHAO) of bacterial origin was previously shown to be a potentially useful catalyst in the deracemization of racemic primary amines. To further explore the properties and application of this enzyme, five single-amino acid substitution mutants (L199A, M226A, Y321A, Y321F, and L353M) were created based on superimposition of the tertiary structure of CHAO and the monoamine oxidase (MAO) B homolog. The substrate specificity of the purified wild-type and five mutant enzymes were examined towards 38 structurally diverse amines. All the enzymes exhibited better activity for primary amines than secondary and tertiary amines and in general exhibited high stereoselectivity. Among the mutant enzymes, M226A displayed an enhanced activity (5-400 %) towards most substrates, and L353M showed 7-445 % higher activity towards primary aliphatic amines with cycloalkane or aromatic moieties. Kinetic parameters revealed that both Y321 mutants showed higher catalytic efficiency towards cyclooctanamine, whereas the wild-type CHAO (wt CHAO) was most efficient towards cyclohexylamine. The wt CHAO or variant L353M in combination with a borane-ammonia complex as reducing agent was applied to the deracemization of 1-aminotetraline to give the (R)-enantiomer, a precursor of an antidepressant drug Norsertraline, in good yield (73-76 %), demonstrating their application potential in chiral amine synthesis.
Publication date
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationAquatic and Crop Resource Development; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedYes
NPARC number21270365
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Record identifier3e21c4cd-8d5a-4853-b7a3-d0d8f2c2cdeb
Record created2014-02-05
Record modified2016-05-09
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