Experimental and numerical study of soot formation in laminar coflow diffusion flames of gasoline/ethanol blends

Download
  1. Get@NRC: Experimental and numerical study of soot formation in laminar coflow diffusion flames of gasoline/ethanol blends (Opens in a new window)
DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.combustflame.2015.07.029
AuthorSearch for: ; Search for: ; Search for: ; Search for: ; Search for: ; Search for: ; Search for: ; Search for: ; Search for: ; Search for: ; Search for:
TypeArticle
Journal titleCombustion and flame
ISSN0010-2180
1556-2921
Volume162
Issue10
Pages39253933; # of pages: 9
SubjectLaminar diffusion flame; Soot; Gasoline; Ethanol; Gasoline surrogate
AbstractThis paper reports the experimental and numerical results of soot formation in laminar coflow diffusion flames of vaporized gasoline/ethanol blends at atmospheric pressure to gain improved understanding of ethanol addition to gasoline on soot formation. Four gasoline/ethanol blends of different ethanol mole fractions in the fuel stream ranging from 0% up to 85%, E0, E20, E50, and E85, were investigated to quantify how soot loading varies with the amount of ethanol blending in the fuel. The laminar coflow diffusion flames were generated using a burner system designed for vaporized liquid fuels. The fuel stream was heavily diluted with nitrogen to lower the boiling points and to prevent the flames from smoking. The soot volume fraction distributions were measured using a 2D line-of-sight attenuation technique. These flames were also modeled numerically using the extensively validated CoFlame code and a recently developed reaction mechanism for gasoline surrogates including PAH formation. The results of experiment and numerical modeling agree quite well in terms of the levels of soot volume fraction and they both show a decrease in the soot loading as more ethanol is added in the fuel stream. The measured peak soot volume fraction occurs in the flame centerline region. The soot model used in this study is unable to capture this experimental feature and predicts the peak soot volume fraction in the co-annular region. Ethanol addition reduces the soot loading primarily by lowering soot inception and PAH condensation rates through decreasing the concentrations of aromatics. Additional measurements in gasoline surrogate/ethanol blend flames indicate that the gasoline surrogate model emulates well the sooting propensity of the real gasoline fuel.
Publication date
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationMeasurement Science and Standards; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedYes
NPARC number21276812
Export citationExport as RIS
Report a correctionReport a correction
Record identifier3f7d77d2-6027-47db-b07a-793d8da9def5
Record created2015-10-22
Record modified2016-05-09
Bookmark and share
  • Share this page with Facebook (Opens in a new window)
  • Share this page with Twitter (Opens in a new window)
  • Share this page with Google+ (Opens in a new window)
  • Share this page with Delicious (Opens in a new window)
Date modified: